In 2018, the total shrimp farming area in Nha Be District, Ho Chi Minh City reached 238 hectares with 190 million shrimp post-larvae. The output the district harvested was about 1,400 tons/year. In Can Gio District, shrimp farming is concentrated in the communes of Binh Khanh, An Thoi Dong, Ly Nhon and Tam Thon Hiep. Can Gio has more than 5,500 hectares of shrimp. Of which, the area of farming ponds is more than 2,300 hectares, and the rest is for organic shrimp farming. The total shrimp yield of Can Gio is over 10,000 tons/year.
With the hope that their shrimp production meets VietGAP standard and has a stable output, farmers connect to each other and establish cooperatives to implement the standard’s farming regulations and ensure a stable farming area and production output.
In Nha Be district, Hiep Thanh Cooperative has 85 shrimp ponds in an area of 26.7 hectares. Its average yield is 12 tons/hectare. The cooperative applies VietGAP standard in its shrimp farming process to meet the market requirements and stabilize its output.
In 2019, the fisheries sector aims to export to the U.S. $10 billion of seafood, an increase of 11% compared to the same period last year. This target was set based on the positive growth of the export turnover in 2018, which reached nearly $9 billion.
With a focus on processing key products such as shrimp and Tra fish, seafood processing factories aim to expand their production and increase the value of these foods supplied from farming and mining.
In Ba Ria – Vung Tau Province, Dong Tao chicken, hybrid wild boar, and goat are expensive items sold on Lunar New Year. Despite that, farming households don’t increase their herds, but build a clean and high-quality farming process to enhance their competitiveness. At the same time, they survey the market demand before farming to avoid oversupply and devaluation.
About 3 years ago, hybrid wild boar breeding became a flourishing movement due to its low cost and high profit, especially on the occasion of Lunar New Year. There was a time when Long Dien District had nearly 100 farming households with a total of thousands of hybrid wild boars. However, due to market requirements, the herd was greatly reduced.
There were also households that raised nearly 2,000 Dong Tao chickens last year. This year, they reduce the flock to about 1,000. So far, farmers have switched their directions by raising these special species by orders, and not by increasing the herds massively at once as before.
According to statistics of the authority of Vinh Chau Town, Soc Trang Province, the past storm has damaged more than 2,100 hectares (out of 3,700 hectares) of shallots prepared for the Lunar New Year Holiday occasion. These areas were flooded by rain. Of which, more 600 hectares were deeply inundated for a long period of time. The storm seriously affected productivity, reduced quality of shallots, and caused losses to farmers in this region.
In Vinh Hai Commune, over 1,000 hectares of local shallots are damaged. The areas under cultivation affected by the flood are poorly developed with declined productivity. It is estimated that 100 hectares of shallots were damaged. They accounted for about 10% of the total shallot area in the commune.
In 2018, Hanoi City exported more than 19 tons of late-ripening longan to the U.S. and Europe.
In particular, the farming area in Dai Thanh Commune (Quoc Oai District) exported 18 tons of late-ripening longan to the U.S.; the growing area in Song Phuong Commune (Hoai Duc District) exported more than 1 ton of late-ripening longan to the European market.
The export opened a new prospect for the specialty fruit market of Hanoi, especially for late ripening products such as longan.
Farmers, Agriculture, Countryside:
In 2018, the total export of products from Dong Thap Province increased in both scale and growth rate.
For the first time, the highest export growth rate was recorded with an increase of 35.7%. The export turnover also was more than $1 billion, reaching $1.156 billion (the highest increase in 2017 was only 16%).
Currently, rice and seafood are the two main export products of the province, accounting for about 90% of the export turnover. In particular, seafood products accounted for 80%.
Living and Environment:
Dong Thap Province currently has 3 reserves, forests belonging to the submerged ecosystems.
The Tram Chim National Park is one of them. It has an area of over 7,300 hectares. There are also Go Thap archeological site, which covers nearly 280 hectares, and Xeo Quyt relic, which is about 63.61 hectares. In addition, there is Gao Giong eco-tourism area with an area of 1,657 hectares of reserved forests.
Currently, the conservation of specific types of plants such as cajuput and lotus has been well implemented. Notably, the lotus area in Thap Muoi and Cao Lanh Districts is constantly developed with an area of 200 hectares.
Pet, Flowers and Ornamental Plants:
According to statistics of the authority, at this time, the area of flowers and ornamental plants in Hanoi City is about 3,000 hectares. In addition to traditional flower-growing areas, Hanoi has added new flower zones and gradually affirmed its position in the market. The whole city has 50 areas growing flowers and ornamental plants. Remarkably, rose cultivation is concentrated in Van Khe Commune and Me Linh Commune (Me Linh District) in over 100 hectares; lily farming is located in the districts of Dan Phuong, Phuc Tho, and Soc Son.
Thanks to years of experiences in care and application of new technologies, florists in flower villages or flower areas in Hanoi always meet the market demand for Lunar New Year Holiday. Accordingly, some models of planting orchids, lilies with high-tech in greenhouses, net houses bring billions of Vietnamese dong of income/hectare to florists.
By Sonia LV