Authorities are recommending the shrimp-rice rotation model to farmers in Mekong Delta and Bac Lieu Province.
The shrimp-rice model is implemented in an area of nearly 35,000 hectares in Hong Dan, Phuoc Long Districts and a part of Gia Rai Town. An average income this model brings is about VND100 million/hectare/year. Particularly in Hong Dan and Phuoc Long Districts, farmers rotate 1 shrimp crop and 1 rice crop combined with giant river prawn farming. After harvesting a black tiger prawn crop, farmers use fresh water to improve fields and plant “Mot bui do” rice combining with giant river prawn farming.
A special thing about this model is that it does not use aquatic veterinary medicine to treat shrimp diseases, but applies biological measures. Pesticides is also avoided to protect giant river prawn. Therefore, the model produces clean shrimp and clean rice.
Processing, Import and Export:
In a few days, a group of representatives from the European Commission (EC) will visit Vietnam and inspect how this country overcomes its “yellow card” against illegal, unreported and unregulated fishing (IUU).
Therefore, there must be more strict policies to manage IUU violations of ship owners and localities. Localities especially must speed up the implementation of the Fisheries Law.
For nearly 2 years, Vietnam’s IUU has been warned by the EC. Yet, this yellow card so far has not been removed because of ongoing violations of illegal seafood exploitation.
In order to increase the number of high-yielding cows, Ho Chi Minh City has simultaneously developed its herd of beef cows along with dairy cows. The city’s goal is to form crossbred breeds suitable for local farming conditions.
In particular, high-yielding bull species such as BBB, Red Angus, Droughtmaster crossbred with Sind or HF cows with low milk yield but good fertility can create superior F1 calves. This F1 generation can bring higher economic value compared to that of traditional species.
So far, the Ho Chi Minh City Agricultural Extension Center has implemented the “Farming crossbred cows” model. This model includes 45 pregnant cows farmed with Red Angus, Brahman, BBB bulls from the Seeds, Animal and Aquatic Breeds Center. Hybrid calves of these species after 12 to 18 months of farming have an average weight of 331 – 503 kilogram each.
Since the beginning of February 2019, a group of 3 households in An Nha Village, Gio An Commune, Gio Linh District, Quang Tri Province has implemented a pilot model of planting Bo Chinh ginseng (scientific name: Abelmoschus sagittifolius) in 3 hectares.
Bo Chinh ginseng is grown in the direction of biosecurity without the use of chemical pesticides and fertilizers. Until now, after 3 months of farming, the plants grow well. Ginseng tuber shape is about 10 – 20 centimeters long with a diameter of 2 centimeters.
Bo Chinh ginseng is one of the products originated from the central region, grown by sunshine and wind. Thus, it is named “ginseng for only Kings.” The plant is expected to bring high profit and open a new direction for economic development for people in Quang Tri Province.
Banana is one of the 4 major crops of Hanoi. The whole city has more than 3,200 hectares of banana. This fruit tree is grown in places along river banks. Many large-scale areas growing banana have been formed with an economic efficiency that is 4 to 5 times higher than that of rice.
In addition to banana, Hanoi City has also formed high-quality areas for fruit farming. Particularly, longan is grown in a concentrated area of 1,722 hectares with an annual output of 25,000 tons. This area includes about 600 hectares of late ripe longan that bring an income of 500 million to billions of Vietnamese dongs/hectare/year.
Farmers, Agriculture, Countryside:
Taking place throughout 3 months of summer this year, from June 1 to August 31, the 15th Southern Fruit Festival will be held at Suoi Tien Cultural Tourism Site. The festival continues to introduce special and diverse fruit species of the Southern region of Vietnam to tourists and visitors.
Gardeners from 19 provinces and cities of the Southern region with 766 units will bring to the festival all kinds of delicious and rare fruits. This festival is expected to provide visitors unique experiences with hundreds of fruit species sold at a discounted price by 20-30%.
Living and Environment:
As one of the 27 units recognized as an ASEAN Heritage Park, Kon Ka Kinh National Park plays an important role in the conservation of biodiversity in Vietnam and the world.
With over 38,000 hectares of natural forest, a survey results show that Kon Ka Kinh National Park has 1,754 species of higher plants belonging to 753 genera and 181 families, accounting for about 14% of the country’s flora. Among them, there are 28 threatened species on a global scale, 62 species in the Red List of Vietnam, and 47 endemic high-class plants of the Central Highlands and Vietnam.
It is also estimated that the park has over 800 animal species, including mammals, birds, reptiles, amphibians and insects. Of these, 70 rare and precious species are listed in the Red List of Vietnam while 52 species are listed as endangered species of the world.
By Sonia LV